The 7 Major Anxiety Disorders

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What are Anxiety causes and treatments

What is anxiety disorders?

Anxiety disorders are the most common type of mental illness. Anxiety disorders are characterized by feelings of fear and anxiety that can interfere with a person’s ability to lead a normal life. However, treatment options are available that can help people manage their anxiety and live a normal life.

Types of anxiety disorders.

There are several types of anxiety disorders, but the most common are:

Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD).

Generalized anxiety disorder is an anxiety disorder that includes excessive, uncontrollable, and frequently illogical dread concerning routine events. People with GAD may constantly fear disaster or catastrophes, even when is no evidence to support their worries. They may also experience physical symptoms such as muscle tension, headaches, or problems sleeping.

Panic disorder.

Panic disorder an anxiety illness marked by sudden and repeated bursts of intense fear that may last for minutes or hours. These episodes can be so severe that they disrupt your daily life. Panic disorder is the most common type of anxiety disorder, affecting about two percent of the population. It often begins in late adolescence or early adulthood.

People with panic disorder may experience:

  • Sudden feelings of terror
  • Heart palpitations
  • Chest pain
  • Lightheadedness
  • Numbness or tingling sensations
  • Chills or hot flashes
  • Fear of dying or losing control

If you have these symptoms, it’s important to see a doctor. Panic disorder can be treated with medication and therapy.

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).

This disorder (OCD) is characterized by recurrent, distressing thoughts (obsessions) and/or compulsive behaviors (compulsions). Obsessions are thoughts, images, or impulses that occur over and over again and are intrusive and unwanted. This people often try to suppress or ignore these thoughts, but they can’t help but think about them.

Compulsions are behaviors or rituals that people with OCD feel to perform, often in an attempt to relieve anxiety caused by their obsessions. Compulsions can be mental (such as repeating a certain word or phrase over and over) or physical (such as hand-washing or checking the door locks repeatedly).

Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Traumatic events such as natural disasters, fatal accidents, terrorist acts, or war may all result in post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a mental illness characterized by symptoms including anxiety and depression.

People with PTSD may experience flashbacks, nightmares, intrusive thoughts, and severe anxiety. They may also avoid people, places, or things that remind them of the traumatic event.

Social anxiety disorder (SAD).

Social anxiety disorder is the most common type of anxiety disorder. It is characterized by a fear of social situations in which you might be judged or ridiculed. You may worry for days or weeks before an event and feel intense anxiety when you’re there.

This can keep you from doing things you enjoy, like meeting new people or speaking in public. SAD effects can start at any age, but it usually begins during adolescence or early adulthood.

Selective mutism.

Selective mutism is a disorder that affects how a person talks. A person with selective mutism will not speak in some situations but will be able to speak in other situations. For example, a child with selective mutism might not speak at school but will be able to speak at home.

Selective mutism can cause problems because the person may not be able to communicate with others. Selective mutism usually starts when a person is very young, and it is more common in girls than boys.


Agoraphobia is an anxiety disorder characterized by the fear of being in situations where escape might be difficult or embarrassing or where help might not be available. People with agoraphobia often avoid public places such as shopping malls, stadiums, or crowds. Agoraphobia can severely restrict a person’s life.

Some people with agoraphobia experience panic attacks. A panic attack is a sudden, intense feeling of terror that may include chest pain, heart palpitations, shortness of breath, dizziness, or abdominal distress. Panic attacks can be so frightening that people with agoraphobia avoid any situation in which they might occur.

Causes of Anxiety Disorder.

One of the most common causes of anxiety disorder is genetics. If one or both parents suffer from an anxiety disorder, their children are more likely to develop one as well. This is because anxiety disorders can be passed down through families in genes.

Another common cause of anxiety disorder is brain chemistry. People with anxiety disorders may have abnormal levels of certain neurotransmitters in their brains. Neurotransmitters are chemicals that help nerve cells communicate with each other.

Finally, life experiences can also cause anxiety disorders. Traumatic events such as abuse or a natural disaster can trigger an anxiety disorder. Additionally, people who grow up in chaotic or stressful environments may be more likely to develop an anxiety disorder.

There are many potential causes of anxiety disorder, and each person may experience different combinations. However, these are some of the most common causes. If you think you may suffer from an anxiety disorder, it is important to seek help from a healthcare professional. Treatment is available that can help you manage your symptoms and live a healthy, productive life.

Anxiety Disorder Treatments.

There are various treatments for anxiety disorders. Some people may require medication to regulate their mood and anxiety levels. Others may benefit from therapy or a combination of both therapies and medication.

It is important to find an appropriate treatment plan that works for you. If your symptoms are severe, it is best to seek professional help. However, even if your symptoms are not as severe, it is still important to get help so that you can live a healthy and happy life.

There are many different types of therapy available for anxiety disorders. Common therapies include cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), exposure therapy, and mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR). CBT helps you identify and change the thoughts and behaviors that contribute to your anxiety. Exposure therapy helps you face your fears gradually and systematically.

MBSR teaches you to focus on the present moment and accept your thoughts and feelings without judgment. There are also many different types of medication available for anxiety disorders. Some common medications include antidepressants, anti-anxiety medications, and beta-blockers.

Antidepressants help to regulate moods. Anti-anxiety medications help to reduce symptoms of anxiety. Beta-blockers help to control physical symptoms such as heart rate and trembling. It is important to work with a doctor to find the best medication and therapy combination for you. There is no one-size-fits-all treatment plan for anxiety disorders.

In conclusion,

The next time you feel a little anxious, remember that it’s just your brain doing its job. And while there’s no one-size-fits-all cure for anxiety disorders, there are plenty of treatments and coping mechanisms available to help you live a happy and healthy life.

one-size-fits-all cure for anxiety disorders, there are plenty of treatments and coping mechanisms available to help you live a happy and healthy life.

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